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Traded turnover in the cash market is a good indicator of retail participation in the stock market. And looking at the steady decline in cash market volumes since 2009, it is evident that retail investors are yet to regain their appetite for equities. F&O turnover on the NSE has jumped two-and-a-half times, but that is cold comfort even to the stock brokers, since the commission earned on these trades is a fraction of that earned on cash market transactions. 2013 may have been a good year or foreign institutional investors and a handful of market operators, but unless domestic investors (retail as well as mutual funds ) start participating in a big way, a broad-based upmove looks unlikely.