Holding companies are a good bet for investors with a medium-risk-medium-returns approach. A holding company is one that owns sizeable stake in companies within same group, to the extent that it has influence over the policies and management of that company.
The benefit of investing in a holding company is that you indirectly own the shares of the group companies. For example, if you buy into Bajaj Holdings, you get the advantage of investing in Bajaj Auto, Bajaj Electrical and Bajaj Finserv as well. This is because Bajaj Holdings owns close to 9 crore shares or 31.49% in Bajaj Auto. So when the share price of Bajaj Auto moves higher, so will Bajaj Holdings, in theory at least.
Another positive is that the share price of a holding company is less volatile. Due to the nature of the auto sector, Bajaj Auto may see adverse moves. While this will affect Bajaj Holdings, the price change will not be as sharp.
However, it is the same on the flip side also. Even if the fundamentals of the holding company are good, it may not be a good investment if it owns majority stake in a sick businesses. For example, debt-laden Kingfisher affected the prices of other stocks under the UB group.
How to check it?
Investors should check out the latest annual reports available on the company’s website. One should go to Balance Sheet section and hunt for Investments. A detailed schedule of investments made by the company in equities, fixed deposits, mutual funds, government bonds will be available.
The Schedule will further classify Investments into Quoted and Unquoted. Quoted means the companies which are listed on the bourses and vice versa, so an investor should only consider quoted investments value. Also one should subtract debt value from the current market value. Reason is if the company borrows money and invests in another company, then it makes that investment non-viable.
Below is a list of 10 prominent business groups who hold substantial stake in other companies listed on the exchange.
– B K Birla, Aditya Birla: Pilani Investment
– Adani: Adani Enterprises
– Bajaj: Bajaj Holdings
– Aditya Birla: AB Nuvo
– United Breweries: UB Holdings
– Tata: Tata Investment
– Binani: Binani Industries
– Jindal: JSW Holdings
– Baba Kalyani: Kalyani Investment
– Kirloskar: Kirloskar Brothers Investment
– Godrej: Godrej Industries